Scrittori dimenticati:Michail Lermontov
Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (Russian: Михаи?л Ю?рьевич Ле?рмонтов ; IPA: [m??x??il ?jur?j?v??t? ?l??rm?nt?f] ; October 15 [O.S. Oct 3] 1814 – July 27 [O.S. July 15] 1841), an effective Russian Intimate writer, poet and you will artist, sometimes entitled “this new poet of Caucasus”, turned into one Russian poet immediately after Alexander Pushkin’s sugar daddy search Grand Rapids city passing inside 1837. Lermontov is definitely the best poet off Russian literary works close to Pushkin and the greatest figure from inside the Russian Romanticism. His influence on after Russian books continues to be sensed in the modern times, besides thanks to his poetry, and compliment of his prose, and that based the latest community of your own Russian psychological book.
Lermontov was born in Moscow into the a respectable noble family of the fresh Tula Oblast, and you may grew up towards Tarkhany estate from the village regarding Tarkhany (today Lermontovo) into the Penza Oblast. Based on legend, their paternal loved ones are descended in the Scottish Earls off Learmont, among who settled during the Russia in early seventeenth 100 years, for the rule regarding Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov. The newest legendary Scottish poet Thomas the newest Rhymer (Thomas Learmonth) try for this reason reported while the a member of family out-of Lermontov. The only real ascertainable genealogical guidance claims your poet try descended away from Yuri (George) Learmont, a great Scottish officer on the Gloss solution who compensated into the Russia in seventeenth century [ step one ]
Lermontov’s father, Yuri Lermontov, such as for example their dad ahead of him, was an army son. Which have went in the ranks so you can head, the guy hitched the 16-year-dated Maria Arsenyeva, into the high dismay off this lady mother, Yelizaveta Alekseyevna. A-year adopting the marriage, into the night of Oct step 3 (Old-style), 1814, Maria provided delivery so you can Mikhail Lermontov. Predicated on society, following his beginning certain dissension ranging from Lermontov’s father and you will grandmother erupted, and you may not able to bear they, Maria decrease unwell and you can passed away inside the 1817. Shortly after the woman daughter’s passing, Yelizaveta Alekseyevna devoted most of the the woman will the woman grandson, always scared you to definitely his dad you’ll circulate aside having your. Possibly due to this indulgence otherwise continued relatives pressure or both,the young Lermontov arranged a shy and conceited feeling, which he grabbed on the brand new servants, and also in vandalising their grandmother’s garden.
Just like the a tiny son Lermontov paid attention to stories regarding outlaws of one’s Volga part, about their high courage and wild country existence. As he try ten, Mikhail dropped sick, and you may Yelizaveta Alekseyevna grabbed your with the Caucasus for its most readily useful weather.
The latest intellectual environment and then he grew up is exactly like one to educated from the Pushkin, although domination out of French had begun to cave in in order to a preference getting English, and you may Lamartine mutual dominance that have Byron. In his very early teens Lermontov try knowledgeable of the a Frenchman named Gendrot. Yelizaveta Alekseyevna thought that this was maybe not sufficient and you will chose to grab Lermontov to Moscow, to prepare for fitness center. Within the Moscow, Lermontov is actually put so you’re able to Goethe and you may Schiller because of the a beneficial Italian language pedagogue, Levy, and shortly later on, inside the 1828, the guy entered the gymnasium. He became a superb scholar. Plus during the fitness center the guy turned acquainted the new poetry away from Pushkin and you will Zhukovsky, and one from their family relations, Katerina Khvostovaya, later on explained him given that “married so you’re able to a hefty volume of Byron”. Katerina had each time become the item regarding Lermontov’s affections in order to their the guy faithful several of their first poems, “Нищий (У врат обители святой)” (The fresh Beggar). During the time, together with his poetic passions, Lermontov and additionally setup an inclination to own harmful laughter and horrible, sardonic laughs. His capacity to draw caricatures is matched by the their capacity to pin anyone down which have a highly aligned epigram otherwise moniker.